Response surface optimization of pH and ionic strength for emulsion characteristics of egg yolk


Kurt S., Zorba O.

POULTRY SCIENCE, vol.88, no.11, pp.2422-2427, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3382/ps.2008-00567
  • Title of Journal : POULTRY SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2422-2427

Abstract

Effects of pH (3.5, 4.5, 6.0, 7.5, and 8.5) and ionic strength (0.05, 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, and 0.55 M NaCl) on emulsion capacity, emulsion stability (ES), apparent yield stress of emulsion (AYS), and emulsion density (ED) of egg yolk were studied by using a model system. Ionic strength and pH had significant (P < 0.01) effects on the emulsion characteristics of egg yolk. Their interaction effects also have been found significant on ES, AYS, and ED. Predicted solutions of ES, emulsion capacity, and ED were minimum. The critical point of ES was determined to be at pH 6.08 and an ionic strength of 0.49 (M NaCl). Predicted solution for AYS was a maximum, which was determined to be at pH 6.04 and an ionic strength of 0.29 (M NaCl). Optimum values of pH and ionic strenght were 4.61 to 7.43 and 0.10 to 0.47, respectively.