Desensitizing agents can inhibit the bonding strength between dentin and adhesive resin cement. This study evaluated the effects of different desensitizing agents on the shear bond strength of adhesive resin cement to dentin. Sixty freshly extracted and caries free teeth were classified into five experimental groups, randomly (n = 12). Each group was treated with a different desensitizing agent (Teethmate, Shield Force Plus, Admira Protect and Ultra-Ez) respectively, except for an untreated control group. After desensitizing agents and adhesive resin cement were applied to each dentin surface, all specimens were stored in incubator at 37 degrees C for 24 h. The shear bond strength was tested with a Universal testing machine at a 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed. Data were analysed by using a statistical software (SPSS 22). The results of the measurements were analysed by Kruskal Wallis test with Bonferroni correction and multiple comparisons were made by Wilcoxon test (p < .01). Specimens were examined by a scanning electron microscope, additionally. The Shield Force Plus showed significantly the highest shear bond strength compared with other groups (p < .01). Ultra-Ez showed the lowest shear bond strength (p > .01). There was no significant difference among Teethmate and Admira Protect groups (p > .01). Desensitizing agents containing resin monomers increased the bonding strength, however desensitizers containing calcium phosphate, potassium nitrate and fluoride did not effect the bonding strength of resin cement to dentin.