Bio-oil Production from Biomass via Supercritical Fluid Extraction


DURAK H.

International Conference on Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences (ICANAS), Antalya, Türkiye, 21 - 23 Nisan 2016, cilt.1726 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1726
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.4945925
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Antalya
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye

Özet

Supercritical fluid extraction is used for producing bio-fuel from biomass. Supercritical fluid extraction process under supercritical conditions is the thermally disruption process of the lignocellulose or other organic materials at 250-400 degrees C temperature range under high pressure (4-5 MPa). Supercritical fluid extraction trials were performed in a cylindrical reactor (75 mL) in organic solvents (acetone, ethanol) under supercritical conditions with (calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate) and without catalyst at the temperatures of 250, 275 and 300 degrees C. The produced liquids at 300 degrees C in supercritical liquefaction were analyzed and characterized by elemental, GC-MS and FT-IR. 36 and 37 different types of compounds were identified by GC-MS obtained in acetone and ethanol respectively.