Viroid, phytoplasma, and fungal diseases of stone fruit in eastern Anatolia, Turkey


Sıpahıoglu H., Demir S., Myrta A., Al Rwahnıh M., Polat B., Schena L., ...More

New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, vol.34, no.1, pp.1-6, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01140671.2006.9514380
  • Journal Name: New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6
  • Keywords: pLMVd, HSVd, "Caiididanis Phytoplasma prunorum", fungal diseases, apricot, molecular hybridisation, NECTARINE CULTIVARS, APPLE PROLIFERATION, PEAR DECLINE, LATENT, IDENTIFICATION, PCR
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Stonefruit treeswere surveyedfrom Juneto

october (2003and 2004) to determinethe incidenceof

viroid, phytoplasma, and fungal diseases in theeastern

anatolia region ofturkey.Molecularhybridisationtest

(tissue printing and dot-blot) was used to investigate

the presence of Peach latentmosaicviroid(plMVd)

and Hop stunt viroid(HSVd). a total of 16 trees out

of 491 were positive for viroids. plMVd was found

in 15 peaches (Prunuspersica) (3%) and a unique

HSVd isolate was found only in an apricot (Prunus

armeniaca) tree (0.1%). the average incidence of

viroid infection was 3.2%. HSVd was detected for

the first time in eastern Anatolia, whereas no PLMVd

infection was encountered in the main apricot growing

provinces (Malatya, elazig). p c r analyses of the few

symptomatic apricots for the presence of "Candidatus

phytoplasma prunorum" were negative. isolates of

Armillaria mellea, Cytospora spp., Monilinia laxa,

Stigmina carpophila, Chondrostereum purpureum,

Fusarium spp.,Rosellinia spp., andPhytophthora spp.

were identified from symptomatic samples collected

from the region.