A Psychometric Analysis of the Kindness Scales


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Çevik Ö.

Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi, vol.12, no.3, pp.245-255, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.47750/pegegog.12.03.26
  • Journal Name: Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EBSCO Education Source, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center)
  • Page Numbers: pp.245-255
  • Keywords: The Kindness Scales, kindness, scale development, the principal component analysis, SCHOOL CLIMATE, EMOTIONS
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022. Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi. All Rights Reserved.In the study conducted for psychometric analysis of kindness scales, teachers working in the central districts of Van, İpekyolu, Tusba and Edremit constituted the universe of the study. The study group of the research consisted of 395 teachers, who were chosen by random sampling method from the universe of this study and who participated in the study voluntarily. To identify the factor structure of the Kindness Scale, after testing the appropriateness of the data analysis (KMO value of 0.828), the principal component analysis values were used for the factor structure of the scales. For the reliability values, the analysis values of McDonald’s Ω (omega) reliability coefficient was used. Accordingly, the Perception of Kindness Scale (PKS) consists of 6 items; the Fear of Kindness Scale (FKS) consists of 7 items; The Kindness towards Oneself Scale (KTOS) consists of 6 items and the Kindness to Others Scale (KOS) consists of 5 items; the variance values explained by the scales were calculated as 54.661%; 62,981: 58,719 and 58,866 respectively. The McDonald’s ω values for the sub-dimensions were also observed to be 0.648 for the PKS; 0.816 for the FKS; 0.751 for the SKS and 0.648 for the KOS. In the psychometric evaluation of the Kindness Scale, correlation analysis was applied to obtain the correlation value between the total scores of the Kindness Scales, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Tolerance Scale total scores.