PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, vol.78, no.9, pp.3788-3794, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
BACKGROUND The use of pest-resistant or less susceptible plant varieties is of great importance for integrated pest management programs. This study was conducted to evaluate the resistance of seven potato cultivars to a major pest, namely the Colorado potato beetle (CPB), by measuring its bio-physiological aspects. RESULTS The longest developmental time and the lowest survival rate of CPB were detected on cultivar 'Manitou.' Although the larvae fed voraciously, the food conversion efficiency was the lowest on this cultivar leading to the lowest relative growth rate. Furthermore, larvae reared on Manitou had the lowest total protease activity and specific activity values of cathepsin B compared to the larvae reared on other cultivars. Additionally, the cluster analysis showed that the Manitou cultivar was the least suitable (partially resistant) CPB. Moreover, the results indicated that the protein content was the lowest in the Manitou cultivar; conversely, this cultivar was rich in polyphenol and flavonoid compared to Agria and Santae cultivars. CONCLUSION The overall results in this study indicated that the Manitou cultivar might be a good candidate to be incorporated into integrated pest management programs.