Stromal Clues in Endometrial Carcinoma: Loss of Expression of beta-Catenin, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Regulators, and Estrogen-Progesterone Receptor

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Senol S., SAYAR İ., Ceyran A. B. , İBİLOĞLU İ., AKALIN İ., Firat U., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL PATHOLOGY, vol.35, no.3, pp.238-248, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Epithelial-stroma interactions in the endometrium are known to be responsible for physiological functions and emergence of several pathologic lesions. Periglandular stromal cells act on endometrial cells in a paracrine manner through sex hormones. In this study, we immunohistochemically evaluated the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulators (SNAIL/SLUG, TWIST, ZEB1), adhesion molecules beta-catenin and E-cadhenin), estrogen (ER)-progesterone (PR) receptor and their correlation with each other in 30 benign, 148 hyperplastic (EH), and 101 endometrioid-type endometrial carcinoma (EC) endometria. In the epithelial component, loss of expression in E-cadherin, ER and PR, and overexpression of TWIST and ZEB1 were significantly higher in EC than in EH (P<0.01). In the periglandular stromal component, beta-catenin and SNAIL/SLUG expression were significantly higher in normal endometrium and simple without atypical EH compared with complex atypical EH and EC (P < 0.01). In addition, periglandular stromal TWIST expression was significantly higher in EH group compared with EC (P<0.05). There was significantly negative correlation between beta-catenin and ER, TWIST and ER, and TWIST and PR in hyperplastic and carcinomatous glandular epithelium, whereas there was a significantly positive correlation between beta-catenin and SNAIL-SLUG, beta-catenin and TWIST, beta-catenin and ER, beta-catenin and PR, SNAIL -SLUG and ER, SNAIL SLUG and PR, TWIST and ER, TWIST and PR, in periglandular/cancer-associated stromal cells (P<0.01). In conclusion, the pattern of positive and negative correlations in the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulators (SNAIL -SLUG and TWIST), sex hormone receptors (ER and PR), and P-catenin between ECs and hyperplasia, as well as between epithelium and stroma herein, is suggestive of a significant role for these proteins and their underlying molecular processes in the development of endometrial carcinomas.