Histological evidence of osteodystrophy and osteopenia is encountered in most patients who have under-gone successful renal transplantation. Renal transplantation may be beneficial for correcting uremia-related problems in end-stage renal disease patients; however, its benefit is limited in bone metabolism disorders. The present study aims to evaluate bone mass measurements and investigate the influencing factors in patients with renal transplant. One hundred and eighteen patients (83 males and 35 females) with a mean age of 40.2 & sect; 11.8 yr (range 20-67) were included in the present study. The laboratory and the clinical data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed. The association between bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and the demographic characteristics of the patients, serum creatinine, parathormone, calcium, phosphorous, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the glomerular filtration rate were evaluated. Of the patients, 23.7% (n =28) had normal, 48.3% (n = 57) had osteopenic and 28% (n = 33) had osteoporotic BMD values. A signifi-cant positive correlation was determined between the body mass index (BMI) and the BMD measurement results (p = 0.001; r = 0.385). A negative correlation was determined between the BMD values and the serum parathormone (p = 0.012; r =-0.237). BMD values were significantly lower in the group that had not received mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (p = 0.026). Conclusion: BMI values, mTOR inhibitor treatment and serum parathormone levels had an effect on the BMD measurement values.