Pd-MnOx nanoparticles dispersed on amine-grafted silica: Highly efficient nanocatalyst for hydrogen production from additive-free dehydrogenation of formic acid under mild conditions

BULUT A., YURDERI M., Karataş Y., Zahmakıran M., KIVRAK H., Gülcan M., ...More

APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, vol.164, pp.324-333, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 164
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.041
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.324-333
  • Keywords: Formic acid, Dehydrogenation, Nanoparticles, Palladium, Manganese oxide, ALLOY NANOPARTICLES, ROOM-TEMPERATURE, DECOMPOSITION, CATALYST, OXIDE, GENERATION, REDUCTION, GRAPHENE, CARBON, CO
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Herein we report the development of a new highly active, selective and reusable nanocatalyst for additive-free dehydrogenation of formic acid (HCOOH), which has great potential as a safe and convenient hydrogen carrier for fuel cells, under mild conditions. The new catalyst system consisting of bimetallic Pd-MnOx nanoparticles supported on aminopropyl functionalized silica (Pd-MnOx/SiO2-NH2) was simply and reproducibly prepared by deposition-reduction technique in water at room temperature. The characterization of Pd-mnO(x)/SiO2-NH2 catalyst was done by the combination of multipronged techniques, which reveals that the existence of highly crystalline individually nucleated Pd(0) and MnOx nanoparticles (d(mean) = 4.6 +/- 1.2 nm) on the surface of aminopropyl functionalized silica. These supported Pd-MnOx nanoparticles can catalyze the additive-free dehydrogenation of formic acid with record activity (TOF = 1300 h(-1)) at high selectivity (>99%) and conversion (>99%) under mild conditions (at 50 degrees C and under air). Moreover, easy recovery plus high durability of these supported Pd-MnOx nanoparticles make them a reusable heterogeneous catalyst in the additive-free dehydrogenation of formic acid. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.