The present study determined the reactions of common bean landraces grown in Lake Van Basin of Turkey against common bacterial blight disease (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap). For this purpose 83 bean landraces collected from the basin and two resistant (HR-45, HR-67) and one susceptible (Dresden) lines were evaluated for their reaction to Xap. The experiments were conducted in randomized experimental design with three replications in a growth chamber having 23 +/- 2 degrees C temperature and 16 h light-8 h dark period. Bean seeds were sown in the pots having 2: 1 mixture of peat: perlite and Xap inoculated by spraying when the seedlings reached two trifoliate leaves stage. Disease severity was assessed three weeks after Xph inoculation using 1-5 scale. In light of the findings, it was detected that there was a variation with regard to tolerance to the disease among common bean landraces. While fourteen landraces were assigned as resistant against CBB, 49 landraces were found to be moderately susceptible to CBB. The present study demonstrated the existence of resistance sources against CBB within Lake Van Basin bean landraces that could potentially be used for breeding resistant cultivars.