Constraining the timing of lithospheric thinning during continental collision: A perspective of Cenozoic basaltic rocks from the Baltacık-Günkoru (Patnos-Malazgirt) region in the East Anatolia, Turkey


Oyan V.

Lithos, vol.470-471, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 470-471
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lithos.2024.107532
  • Journal Name: Lithos
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Chemical Abstracts Core, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts
  • Keywords: Basalts, Eastern Anatolia Collision Zone, Fragmented/dripping delamination, Geochemistry, Petrogenesis
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Geochemical and isotopic markers of the most primitive basaltic melts allow us to understand the temporal evolution of the lithospheric mantle and geodynamic processes. This paper presents the geochemical, Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic data, K[sbnd]Ar dating and the petrological evolution of the petrogenesis of the late Miocene-early Pliocene basaltic volcanism observed in the Baltacık-Günkoru region in the northeastern of Lake Van in Eastern Anatolia Collision Zone (EACZ). These data allow us to understand the origin of collision-related magmatism and the geodynamic processes in the late Miocene-early Pliocene in the EACZ. Geochronological age data (K[sbnd]Ar) indicate that basaltic volcanism erupted between ∼7.63 and 5.24 Ma. Major-incompatible trace element contents, Sr[sbnd]Nd isotopic compositions of the studied samples and EC-AFC (energy-constrained recharge, assimilation, and fractional crystallization), and MELTS model calculations point out that basaltic volcanism has undergone fractional crystallization but unaffected crustal contamination. Petrological models created using 87Sr/86Sr, ℇNd and ℇHf isotopic data, together with calculated primary melt compositions of basaltic lavas, indicate that the DMM-type (Depleted Morb Mantle) mantle source is metasomatized by melts rather than fluids derived from subducted oceanic lithosphere. Combined trace element and isotopic modelling results indicate that the calculated primary melts were formed by 2.5–5% melting of a metasomatised spinel-garnet lherzolitic mantle source, including amphibole and 1% residual rutile. This mantle source has been metasomatised by a 1–3% contribution of subducted slab component, with a sediment melt/AOC (altered oceanic crust) melt ratio of about 90:10. Thermobarometric calculations based on calculated primary melts compositions indicate that the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) is a depth of 67 ± 4 km for 7.53–5.24 Ma. Literature data and the findings obtained from this study indicate that the late Miocene to early Pliocene basaltic volcanism in the south of the EACZ) is progressed by the delamination of the mantle lithosphere. This delamination occurred in a fragmented/patched or dripping manner rather than whole-scale delamination in the 3–4 million years between ∼9 Ma and 5–6 Ma.