AN ANTIDOTE FOR IMAZALIL-INDUCED GENOTOXICITY IN VITRO: THE LICHEN, DERMATOCARPON INTESTINIFORME (KORBER) HASSE


Turkez H., Aydin E., Aslan A.

ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA, cilt.63, ss.354-361, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 63 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1556/abiol.63.2012.3.5
  • Dergi Adı: ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.354-361

Özet

Imazalil (IMA), a commonly used fungicide in both agricultural and clinical domains, is suspected to produce serious toxic effects in vertebrates. In recent years, a number of studies have suggested that lichens might be easily accessible sources of natural drugs that could be used as a possible food supplement. Extensive research is being performed to explore the importance of lichen species, which are known to contain a variety of pharmacological active compounds. In this context, the antigenotoxic effect of aqueous Dermatocarpon intestiniforme (Korber) Hasse. extract (DIE) was studied against the genotoxic damage induced by IMA on cultured human lymphocytes (n = 6) using chromosomal aberration (CA) and micronucleus (MN) as cytogenetic endpoints. Human peripheral lymphocytes were treated in vitro with varying concentrations of DIE (0, 25, 50 and 100 mu g/ml), tested in combination with IMA (336 mu g/ml). DIE alone were not genotoxic and when combined with IMA treatment, it reduced the frequency of CAs and the rate of MNs. A clear dose-dependent decrease in the genotoxic damage of IMA was observed, suggesting a genoprotective role of DIE. The results of the present study suggest that this plant extract per se does not have a genotoxic potential, but can alleviate the genotoxicity of IMA on cultured human lymphocytes. In conclusion our findings may have an important application for the protection of cultured human lymphocyte from the genetic damage and side effects induced by medical and agricultural chemicals hazardous for people.