Selected tumour biomarker levels in sheep with pulmonary adenomatosis


Özkan C. , YILDIRIM S., Huyut Z. , Özbek M.

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, vol.64, no.1, pp.39-44, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/jvetres-2020-0017
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-44
  • Keywords: sheep, pulmonary adenomatosis, tumour biomarkers, diagnosis, JAAGSIEKTE-SHEEP, LUNG-CANCER, DIAGNOSTIC-VALUE, CARCINOEMBRYONIC ANTIGEN, RETROVIRUS, MARKERS, BLOOD, CEA, ADENOCARCINOMA, CARCINOMA

Abstract

Introduction: Sheep pulmonary adenomatosis (ovine pulmonary adenomatosis, OPA, Jaagsiekte) is a chronic contagious bronchoalveolar carcinoma caused by the Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus. Since effective treatment and a vaccination procedure are not currently possible, control and eradication of the disease is difficult. It leads to serious economic losses around the world, therefore studies are currently underway in order to design control and eradication programmes. In this study, levels and changes in selected tumour markers (carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen (CA) 125, CA 19-9, CA 15-3, and alphafetoprotein (AFP)-3) and their diagnostic significance were investigated. Material and Methods: A total of 30 sheep were used. Clinical examinations were performed and blood samples were obtained before slaughter from all animals with presumed OPA. Blood samples with positive OPA results by macroscopic and histopathological examination were included in the study as the experimental group and numbered 20. Sheep totalling 10 had negative OPA results and provided control samples. Results: CEA levels were similar in both groups, and the differences were statistically insignificant (P > 0.05). CA 125, CA 19-9, CA 15-3, and AFP-3 levels were higher in the OPA group than the control group and with statistical significance (P < 0.05). In all OPA animals, CA 125 levels were higher than 1 U/mL. Conclusion: Serum CAs and AFP levels increase significantly in adenomatous sheep. These tumour markers are thought to facilitate the diagnosis of OPA.