Investigation of Buildup Region and Surface Dose: Comparison of Parallel Plane Ion Chamber, Treatment Planning System, and MC Simulation

Tuğrul T.

NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY, vol.208, no.2, pp.357-363, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 208 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00295450.2021.1895407
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.357-363
  • Keywords: buildup region, collapse cone, Monte Carlo simulation, Prowess Panther Treatment Planning System, Surface dose
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


In these days, Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is a method that can calculate the radiation dose that occurs in an environment in the most accurate way. The correct measurement of the dose occurring on the patient's surface is of great importance to estimate the reactions that may occur on the patient's skin. This importance encouraged us to do this study. The aim of this study is to determine buildup region and surface doses using MC simulation and to compare them with results of the parallel plane ion chamber and Treatment Planning System (TPS) measurements for 6-MV photon beams. Surface doses normalized to the maximum dose for the parallel plane ion chamber, MC simulation, fast photon (FP) algorithm, and collapsed cone convolution superposition (CC) algorithm are 13.6%, 30.28%, 0%, and 27.33%, respectively. The CC algorithm and parallel plane ion chamber measurements are compatible with MC simulation but the FP algorithm has calculated the dose less to a depth of 0.8 cm. Measuring the surface dose and the doses in the buildup region is of great importance in terms of accurately predicting the complications that may occur in the patient's skin and taking precautions early. Using some methods and correction factors, the surface dose and the doses that may occur in the buildup region can be accurately calculated. It is recommended not to use the FP algorithm for stereotactic body radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments, as it cannot calculate doses correctly in the buildup region and surface.