Cognition as a parameter in monitoring the effect of multiple sclerosis relapse treatment: A prospective controlled study


Piri Cinar B., Baba C., Demir S., Uzunkopru C., Seferoglu M., Gungor Dogan I., ...More

Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol.238, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 238
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2024.108173
  • Journal Name: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE
  • Keywords: Cognition, Multiple sclerosis, Relapse, Steroid treatment
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Cognitive evaluation was considered to be very important in the relapse period, on the basis of the presence of isolated cognitive attacks and the necessity of monitoring the patient both physically and cognitively. Materials and methods: People with MS (pwMS) who were hospitalized during relapse were included in the study. All MS patients were evaluated by the neurologist with Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), The 9 Hole Peg Test (9HPT) and the Timed 25-Foot Walk Test (T25-FWT). Additionally, all participants were examined cognitively with the Turkish version of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) battery. Also, schedules were indicated as during relapse before the treatment (pre-treatment) and the first month after relapse (1-month follow-up). Results: A total of 140 MS patients (mean age; 34.98±10.09, mean disease duration; 6.05±5.29 years) and 86 healthy controls (mean age; 36.94±10.83) were included to the present study. The mean EDSS scores in pre-treatment in MS patients was 2.74±1.14 and decreased significantly in the 1-month follow-up (1.74±1.24; p<0.001). The mean SDMT score was lower by 8.76 points in MS patients than in HCs) in pre-treatment and 7.66 points in 1-month follow-up (p<0.001). The mean SDMT scores of all participants increased with measurement time gradually (p<0.001). Conclusion: In this study, it was detected which cognitive domains were affected after relapse treatment and cognitive changes in pwMS during relapse and remission periods compared to the healthy controls. All three BICAMS test scores significantly increased in one-month follow-up than the pre-treatment period. The results showed that CVLT-II and BVMT-R scores improved more in pwMS than in HCs, and also SDMT scores of pwMS showed a trend of increase, but was not a significant improvement.