Evaporitic sedimentation in the Southeastern Anatolian Foreland Basin: New insights on the Neotethys closure


Yeşilova Ç. , HELVACI C., Carrillo E.

SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, cilt.369, ss.13-27, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 369
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.03.012
  • Dergi Adı: SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.13-27

Özet

We integrate stratigraphic, petrographic and geochemical analysis of subsurface data (wells) together with field surveys to study the sedimentation of a marginal Miocene sub-basin of the Southeastern Anatolian Foreland Basin (SEAFB; SE Turkey). This sub-basin, located in the Batman-Siirt region, is characterized by the existence of evaporites (carbonates, sulphates and chlorides) and alluvial detritus which were divided in the following five lithostratigraphic members, from older to younger: Lower and Upper Yaprlar; and Lower, Middle and Upper Sulha. These members deposited in an epicontinental mudflat during the Early Miocene. Both the bromine content and the sulphur and oxygen isotope composition (delta S-34(v-CDT) and delta O-18(v-SMOW)) of halite and sulphates samples, respectively, also suggest a marine origin of the precipitation brines. However, influence of geothermal fluids and dissolution-and-re-precipitation of evaporites from uplifted areas in these brines, such as the Early Miocene members and/or Triassic units, is interpreted. Comparing and integrating our results with data documented in previous works, it is here recognized that the depositional model of the studied sub-basin differs from that which explain the coeval sedimentation of units situated in the western part of the SEAFB. Moreover, our model shows some depositional and paleoenvironmental similarities with Miocene evaporites located in the Mesopotamian Foreland Basin. This work provides valuable insights on the Middle Miocene Salinity Crisis which is related to the evolution of the Neotethys closure. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.