Dissociative experiences in patients with epilepsy


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Ozdemir O. , Çilingir V. , Ozdemir P. G. , Milanlıoğlu A. , Hamamci M. , Yilmaz E.

ARQUIVOS DE NEURO-PSIQUIATRIA, vol.74, no.3, pp.189-194, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/0004-282x20160045
  • Title of Journal : ARQUIVOS DE NEURO-PSIQUIATRIA
  • Page Numbers: pp.189-194

Abstract

A few studies have explored dissociative experiences in epilepsy patients. We investigated dissociative experiences in patients with epilepsy using the dissociative experiences scale (DES). Ninety-eight patients with epilepsy and sixty healthy controls were enrolled in this study. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were administered to the participants. The DES scores were significantly higher for the patients with epilepsy than the healthy individuals. The number of individuals with pathological dissociation (DES >= 30) was higher in the epilepsy group (n = 28) than in the control group (n = 8). Also, higher levels of dissociation were significantly associated with frequency of seizures, but were not associated with duration of epilepsy and age at onset of the disorder. These findings demonstrate that patients with epilepsy are more prone to dissociation than controls. The high rate of dissociative experiences among patients with epilepsy suggest that some epilepsy-related factors are present.