SIGNIFICANT HISTORICAL INTERACTIONS BETWEEN HEALTH FOUNDATIONS AT BYZANTINE AND SELJUK AT ANATOLIA


Sevimli Ş.

45th Congress of the International Society for the History of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 5 - 09 September 2016, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-45

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Buenos Aires
  • Country: Argentina
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-45
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Significant Historical Interactions between Health Foundations at Byzantine and Seljuk at Anatolia
Assist.Prof.Dr.Sukran Sevimli
Yuzuncu Yıl University Faculty of Medicine Department of Medical History and Ethics
sukransevimli@gmail.com
Abstract
Archaeological and historical medical evidences show that hospital tradition was gained acceleration during Byzantine Empire in the fourth century. Byzantine Empire founded a significant Pantocrator hospitals, old-age homes, and poorhouses, at Constantinople, in 1136. Turks started to migrate from middle Asia to east Anatolia in 900. In 1071 Alp Arslan won war and they settled Anatolia, founded a state.Turks living in Central Asia interacted with the Central Asian and Iranian culture; after they arrived in Anatolia naturally interacted well with the Byzantine culture. These relationships are multicultural which involved battles, friendship and even witnessed the marriages. They influenced Byzantium culture and its applications.
Seljuqs were affected Golden Islamic medicine Avecenna, Al-Farabi, Al-Razi, Al-Biruni, Alhazen, Sadreddin Konevi, Al-Shirazi, Ibni Baitar (1197–1248).
Compared to Seljuq’s hospitals and Byzantium philanthropic institution -hospitals, old-age homes-medical school, and poorhouses- is observed that many of the same features. Seljuq’s also built many hospitals became a charity foundations, nursing home, hospital for poor pregnant women, mental hospital, pharmacy, medical school. Byzantine medicine was good at ophthalmological therapy in hospitals (xenon) and surgery. Seljuq’s physicians also gave importance to surgery for the fracture; drug was used in the treatment of internal diseases and ophthalmologist and dental treatment.
There was also seen some distinct features while physician-saints Cosmas and Damian works at Byzantium hospitals, Seljuq hospitals works with physicians who did not have religion job, or any approach.
In this study, it will be compared with Seljuq and Byzantine medicine hospitals here are some examples and descriptions.
Key Words: Medical History, Hospitals, Seljuk, Byzantium