Gender Differences in Turkish Early Childhood Teachers' Job Satisfaction, Job Burnout and Organizational Cynicism

Sak R.

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION JOURNAL, vol.46, no.6, pp.643-653, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10643-018-0895-9
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.643-653
  • Keywords: Gender, Job satisfaction, Job burnout, Organizational cynicism, Early childhood teachers, EMPIRICAL LITERATURE, PRESCHOOL TEACHERS, SCHOOL TEACHERS, STRESS, PERCEPTIONS, PERFORMANCE, PROFESSION, EDUCATION, EFFICACY, MODEL
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


This study compares the job satisfaction, job burnout and organizational cynicism of 233 early childhood teachers, 141 female and 92 male, with special attention to gender differences. Data were collected using a personal information form, Job Satisfaction Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey and Organizational Cynicism Scale, and the data were analyzed via independent-samples t-testing and one-way between-groups MANOVA. Significant differences between the male and female teachers were found across all three of the variables of interest, with the males having a higher level of organizational cynicism and lower mean job satisfaction. Also, males' job burnout was higher than females'. However, the magnitude of these differences was medium only in the case of job satisfaction, with all other effect sizes being small.