in: Reactive Oxygen Species, Rizwan Ahmad, Editor, İntechopen, Budapest, pp.1-15, 2021
Today, many factors such as advancing technology, environmental pollution,
radiation, contaminated water, pesticides, heavy metals, stress and oxygen metabolism
in living cells inevitably cause the formation of free radicals in the human body.
Free radicals are very reactive forms of oxygen that destroy the cells of the organism.
This calls for cardiovascular disease, cancer, cataracts, diabetes and many more
diseases. To provide solutions to these diseases, firstly, we can eliminate the negative
effects of free radicals and prevent the formation of diseases. While there is an antioxidant
defense system in the human body that can prevent this, the environmental
factors encountered break down this defense resistance and sometimes make it
inadequate. We can strengthen our weakened antioxidant defense systems by eating
a natural and balanced diet and consuming fruits and vegetables containing antioxidants,
thus preventing illness. Research shows that free radicals have a significant
effect on aging, free radical damage can be controlled with adequate antioxidant
defense, and optimal antioxidant nutrient intake can contribute to improved quality
of life. This review is intended to highlight once again the importance of alternative
antioxidants in the body to eliminate free radicals and their harmful effects.