Surgical Approaches to Iatrogenic Vascular Injuries in Adults

Gocer S., Ilkeli E., Gür A. K., Düzgün A. C., Katırcıoglu S. F.

Eastern Journal of Medicine, vol.28, no.4, pp.556-561, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/ejm.2023.44522
  • Journal Name: Eastern Journal of Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.556-561
  • Keywords: Complication, endovascular, iatrogenic vascular injury, Per-operative, vascular grafting
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Surgical procedures can result in unforeseen vascular injuries. In cases of severe vascular injuries, the involvement of an experienced vascular surgeon in the operation can be life-saving. The aim of this study is to elucidate the surgical approaches and outcomes in vascular injuries that occurred during elective operations of various branches within our institution. Between October 2014 and June 2018, 18 patients required surgery due to unexpected severe vascular injuries. Gender, age, injury site, elective operation, intervention to vascular injury, hemodynamic status, type of anesthesia, mean operation time, and post-operative status of the patients were retrospectively obtained from hospital database. Diagnostic tests and imaging methods were recorded, and the utilization of blood products used during the operation has been investigated. The intensive care unit and service follow-ups of the patients as well as their post-discharge controls were collected from hospital records. Among the patients undergoing vascular intervention, 60% (n=11) experienced arterial injuries, while 40% (n=7) had venous injuries. When examining the type of intervention, all patients, except for one, underwent intervention by placing a side or cross-clamp on the vascular structure. Primary repair was performed in 11 patients, end-to-end repair in 2 patients, PTFE graft placement in 1 patient, saphenous vein interposition in 3 patients, and ligation in 1 patient. Two patients (11%) died during the surgery. As a result, the surgeon should accurately and quickly evaluate findings such as unexplained hypotension, tachycardia, loss of pulse or heat loss during the operation, and should suspect vascular injury. It is possible to reduce mortality and morbidity rates when iatrogenic vascular injuries are diagnosed early.