Improved hydrogen adsorption of ZnO doped multi-walled carbon nanotubes


Kaskun S., Akınay Y. , Kayfeci M.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.45, pp.34949-34955, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.06.304
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Page Numbers: pp.34949-34955
  • Keywords: ZnO nanoparticles, MWCNTs, Hydrogen storage, Physisorption

Abstract

Hydrogen storage is still one of the most important problems to improve hydrogen energy usage widespread. New materials capable of storing hydrogen with high efficiency must be introduced to overcome this problem. In recent years, addition of metals or inorganic compounds to multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been generally used for hydrogen uptake studies to enhance adsorption property of the nanotubes. In this study, Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles doped MWCNTs (ZnO-MWCNTs) have been produced as new reversible hydrogen storage materials, and we have investigated characterization of ZnO-MWCNTs by XRD, SEM, TGA, TEM and BET analyses. The functionalized MWCNTs and ZnO doped MWCNTs were subjected to hydrogenation step by dynamic gas sorption analyser under pressure of 5-50 bar. The hydrogen uptake capacities of the materials under different pressures were measured gravimetrically. It was indicated that by controlling the pressures for hydrogenation of ZnO-MWCNTs induces the spillover of ZnO nanoparticles in the layer of MWCNTs which in return with high hydrogen adsorption capacity. Consequently, the hydrogen adsorption of the functionalized MWCNTs (fMWCNTs) and the ZnO-MWCNTs were achieved to be 1.05 wt% and 2.7091 wt% under pressure of 50 bar as maximum. (c) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.