Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in IgA vasculitis: Neuroimaging of a 14-year-old child

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Arslan H., Yavuz A., Arslan A., Aycan A.

NEUROLOGIA I NEUROCHIRURGIA POLSKA, vol.52, no.1, pp.107-111, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2017.11.006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-111
  • Keywords: Posterior leukoencephalopathy, syndrome, IgA vasculitis, Children, Hypertension, Nephritis, HENOCH-SCHONLEIN PURPURA, LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY SYNDROME, HYPERTENSION
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is a leukocytoclastic vasculitis and characterized by involvement of small vessels in skin, gastrointestinal system, joints, kidneys, and less frequently other organs. It is the commonest vasculitis in childhood and etiology is not completely known. Neurological manifestations of IgAV are very rare and usually seen in patients with severe hypertension or as an uncommon feature such as peripheral neuropathy. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinic-radiologic entity characterized with temporary vasogenic edema developing typically in posterior circulation of the brain and has been reported as a rare manifestation of IgAV. In this paper, a PRES case of 14-year-old male with IgAV is reported and etiopathogenesis was discussed with literature. Diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance imaging because of the existence of neurological symptoms (headache and visual loss) during the course of disease. His radiological findings have resolved with therapy. Although neurological involvement is a rare manifestation in IgAV, we recommend magnetic resonance imaging in such patients for diagnosis and evaluation of complications. (c) 2017 Published by Elsevier Sp. z o.o. on behalf of Polish Neurological Society.