Synthesis and investigation of the conversion reactions of pyrimidine-thiones with nucleophilic reagent and evaluation of their acetylcholinesterase, carbonic anhydrase inhibition, and antioxidant activities


Taslimi P., SUJAYEV A., Turkan F., Garibov E., Huyut Z., FARZALIYEV V., ...More

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY, vol.32, no.2, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

The conversion reactions of pyrimidine-thiones with nucleophilic reagent were studied during this scientific research. For this purpose, new compounds were synthesized by the interaction between 1,2-epoxy propane, 1,2-epoxy butane, and 4-chlor-1-butanol and pyrimidine-thiones. These pyrimidine-thiones derivatives (A-K) showed good inhibitory action against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isoforms I and II. AChE inhibition was in the range of 93.1 +/- 33.7-467.5 +/- 126.9nM. The hCA I and II were effectively inhibited by these compounds, with K-i values in the range of 4.3 +/- 1.1-9.1 +/- 2.7nM for hCA I and 4.2 +/- 1.1-14.1 +/- 4.4nM for hCA II. On the other hand, acetazolamide clinically used as CA inhibitor showed K-i value of 13.9 +/- 5.1nM against hCA I and 18.1 +/- 8.5nM against hCA II. The antioxidant activity of the pyrimidine-thiones derivatives (A-K) was investigated by using different in vitro antioxidant assays, including Cu(2+)and Fe(3+)reducing, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH center dot) radical scavenging, and Fe(2+)chelating activities.