The effects of carotenoids in quail breeder diets on egg yolk pigmentation and breeder performance

Alay T., Karadas F.

ACTA AGRICULTURAE SCANDINAVICA SECTION A-ANIMAL SCIENCE, vol.66, no.4, pp.206-214, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09064702.2017.1330360
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.206-214
  • Keywords: Breeder quail, carotenoids, yolk pigmentation, performance, Pearson correlation, contrast test, VITAMIN-E, EMBRYONIC-DEVELOPMENT, SKIN PIGMENTATION, CANTHAXANTHIN, MARIGOLD, GROWTH, COLORATION, ZEAXANTHIN, OLEORESIN, TISSUES
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of supplementation of 10 mg/kg (i) apoester, (ii) canthaxanthin, (iii) 3% clover extract, (iv) paprika oleoresin and (v) aztec marigold extract pigments to a wheat-based non-pigmented feed on hatchery performance and egg yolk pigmentation in quail breeders were investigated. At six weeks of age a total of 432 Japanese quail breeders were randomly divided into 6 treatments, each of which was replicated 3 times, with 24 birds (18 female: 6 male) per replicate. Hatchability was significantly better in the apoester treatment compared to the control, canthaxanthin, clover extract and paprika oleoresin treatments (p <.05) but similar to the aztec marigold treatment (p >.05). Total carotenoids concentration, YCF score, yellowness (b*) and redness (a*) of egg yolk were significantly higher in pigment-supplemented treatments compared to the control treatment (p <.05). YCF and redness (a*) were highly correlated in all treatments (0.94; p <.0001).