Shear-wave elastography - virtual touch tissue quantification of fetal placentas with a single umbilical artery

Arslan H., Tolunay H. E. , Cim N., Boza B., Yavuz A., Ilik I., ...More

JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE, vol.32, no.15, pp.2481-2485, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14767058.2018.1439007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2481-2485
  • Keywords: Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse, Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification, single umbilical artery, placental elasticity, ACOUSTIC RADIATION FORCE, EFSUMB GUIDELINES, GROWTH ASSESSMENT, BIRTH-WEIGHT, CLINICAL-USE, RECOMMENDATIONS, PREGNANCIES, FETUSES


Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the elasticities of fetal placentas with a single umbilical artery using the Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification (VTTQ) technique. Materials and methods: Pregnant women with fetuses with a single umbilical artery (SUA) and pregnant women with fetuses having three vessel cord (3VC) at 18-22 weeks of gestation were enrolled in the research. The placentas were evaluated and divided into three equal parts as the inner 1/3 of the placenta (fetal edge), the outer 1/3 of the placenta (maternal edge) and the central 1/3 of the placenta (central part). Shear-wave velocity (SWV) measurements were used in the elastographic evaluation of placentas by VTTQ. Results: Forty pregnant women were included in the study (n = 20 SUA, n = 20 three vessel cord pregnant women). The placental Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (VTTQ) of the placenta regarding SWV measurement values of the fetal edge of the placenta in the fetuses with SUA and the control group were 0.876 and 0.957 m/sec, respectively. A significant statistical difference was found between the groups regarding the measurement of the stiffness of fetal placenta (p = 0.021). There was no significant difference between the measured stiffness values of the central or outer region of the placentas. Conclusions: In this study, we found lower SWV scores for the fetal edge of the placenta with SUA. This finding may reflect tissue elasticity level, and we hope that the use of the VTTQ technique may contribute to predicting the pregnancy-related morbidities of fetuses with SUA in the future.