CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF HYPERICUM SCABRUM L. ESSENTIAL OIL


Yıldız G., Kürkçüoğlu M., Köse Y. B., Başer K. H. C.

13th International Symposıum on Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ankara, Turkey, 22 - 25 June 2021, pp.242

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.242
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Introduction: The genus Hypericum L. belonging to Hypericaceae is represented in the Flora of Turkey by 94 taxa (1-3). Hypericum species are known as names of kantaron, peygamber çiçeği, kılıçotu, kanotu, kuzukıran and binbirdelik otu (4). Hypericum species have traditionally been used in Anatolia for centuries in the treatment of burns, infections, hemorrhoids, diarrhea and ulcers. Various parts of the this species are used in the form of ointments, decoctions and oily maserates. (5). The aim of this study is to determine the chemical composition of H. scabrum L. essential oil collected from Tokat, Turkey.

Materials and Methods: Hypericum scabrum collected in May, 2018 from Tokat, Turkey. The voucher specimen has been deposited at the Herbarium in the Anadolu Unıversity, (ESSE no: 15467), Eskişehir, Turkey. The plant material was identified by Prof. Dr. Yavuz Bülent KÖSE.

The essential oil from air-dried aerial parts was isolated by hydrodistillation using a Clevenger apparatus. Chemical composition of the oil was investigated using GC-FID and GC-MS techniques.

Results: α-Pinene (44.7%), sabinene (14.8%), β-pinene (5.5%), limonene (5.2%) and germacrene D (4.7%) were found as main compounds in the essential oil of H. scabrum.

Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge with this study, essential oil composition of H. scabrum was analyzed for the first time from Tokat in Turkey.

References:

1. Robson NKB (1967). In: Davis, PH (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Vol. 2). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 355-401.

2. Robson NKB (1988). In: Davis, PH (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Vol. 10). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. (Supplement I), pp. 96-103.

3. Bingol U, Cosge B, Gurbuz B (2011). Hypericum species in flora of Turkey. Medicinal and aromatic plant science and biotechnology, 5, 86-90.

4. Baytop T (1994). Türkçe bitki adları sözlüğü. Atatürk kültür, dil ve tarih yüksek kurumu-Türk dil kurumu yayınları, 578.

5. Asan HS (2021). In: Iram Siddique (ed.) Phenolic compound contents of Hypericum species from Turkey. In Propagation and Genetic Manipulation of Plants. Springer, Singapore. pp. 43-68.