The influence of advanced age and obesity on pregnancy course and outcome in patients with diabetes mellitus


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Bapayeva G., Terzic S., Dotlic J., Togyzbayeva K., Bugibaeva U., Mustafinova M., ...More

Przeglad Menopauzalny, vol.21, no.3, pp.170-179, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5114/pm.2022.116351
  • Journal Name: Przeglad Menopauzalny
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.170-179
  • Keywords: age, BMI, complications, diabetes mellitus, outcome, pregnancy
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Termedia Publishing House Ltd.. All rights reserved.Introduction: Older women are at greater risk of suffering from a series of comorbidities such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension that could negatively affect pregnancy course and outcomes. This study aims to investigate the impact of maternal age and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on pregnancy outcomes of women with diabetes mellitus (DM). Material and methods: The study included 323 diabetic pregnant women. All complications throughout pregnancy and the early neonatal period were noted. The women were divided into groups according to age decade and BMI. Results: 84.8% of women reported pregnancy complications, with a higher prevalence in obese women (p = 0.003). However, most children had a good outcome with few early neonatal complications (36.85%). Old and obese women with DM often showed complications, and their newborns had higher birth weight (p = 0.003) and more neonatal complications (p = 0.041). Maternal BMI (p = 0.016; OR = 1.064), but not age (p = 0.801), was found to be a significant predictor of pregnancy complications. Conclusions: Pregnant women with DM should be considered as high-risk patients. Advanced age and increased BMI prior to pregnancy are risk factors for pregnancy complications. Maternal obesity is the most important predictor of pregnancy complications in women with DM. Pregnancy outcome can be good for both mothers and children with a timely and adequate approach.