Excited State Intramolecular Proton Transfer (ESIPT)-Based Sensor for Ion Detection

Kuzu B., Ekmekci Z., Tan M., Menges N.

JOURNAL OF FLUORESCENCE, vol.31, no.3, pp.861-872, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10895-021-02716-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.861-872
  • Keywords: ESIPT, Turn-OFF mechanism, NMR titration, Solid-state application, Time resolved
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


C-2 and C-5 substituted imidazole skeleton was synthesized through a one-pot two-step strategy. Synthesized molecule emits the light on ESIPT (excited-state intramolecular proton transfer). This molecule was utilized for its proton donor ability, and we have observed that fluoride and cyanide ions can be detected selectively. Different cations and anions were selected to observe the response of the synthesized molecule. However, there were not any fluorometric and colorimetric response except for fluoride and cyanide ions. Detection limits of fluoride and cyanide ions were found to be 9.22 mu M and 11.48 mu M, respectively. H-1-NMR spectra for the solution of the sensor and TBAF (tetrabuthylammoniumfluoride) were used for the identification of [L](-)[HF2](-) species. 3 equiv. TBAF saturated the solution of the sensor in d(6)-DMSO, and some of the proton resonances shifted to upfield due to the through-bond effect. The disappearance of NH proton with 0.5 equiv. TBAF or TBACN (tetrabuthylammoniumcyanide) showed that there was a proton abstraction by fluoride and cyanide ions, instead of the hydrogen bond. Solid-state application was utilized, and paper test strips were applied. Emission differences emerged when the sensor loaded strips were reacted with TBAF. Time resolved experiments revealed that solution of the sensor and TBAF in DMSO have multiexponential decay, and one of the lifetime was measured as 13.4 ns.