Advanced treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater using electrocoagulation and peroxidation: parametric analysis and process optimization

Toh Y., Bashir M., Guo X., Wong L., Öztürk D., Amr S., ...More

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol.20, no.11, pp.12307-12322, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13762-023-04824-w
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.12307-12322
  • Keywords: Slaughterhouse wastewater, Electrocoagulation, Organic pollutants, Post-treatment, Optimization
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Iranian Society of Environmentalists (IRSEN) and Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University.In this research, electrocoagulation-intensified peroxidation using an aluminum electrode was studied as a post-treatment method for poultry slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) with 4 operational variables (pH, current density, contact time, and H2O2 dosage). Optimization was carried out using response surface methodology. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the experimental data, and a second-order model was created to test the effects of process parameters on treatment performance. The optimum conditions were chosen as follows: pH 5.83, 0.18 g/L H2O2 dosage, 58.60 min contact time, and current density of 4.21 mA/cm2. The compatibility of the predicted optimum conditions has been verified by experimental data. As a result of the experiments performed under optimum conditions, COD, TSS, and color removals were found to be 97.89%, 99.31%, and 98.56%, respectively. The difference between experimental and predicted values was found to be less than 0.86%. The final treated effluent met the discharge standards determined by the World Bank, EU, US, and Malaysian Department of Environment. Under optimum conditions, the cost of treating 1 cubic meter of SWW was calculated as 3.02 MYR ($ 0.68).