Synthesis and electropolymerization of a donor-acceptor-donor trimeric monomer containing 3,4-Propylenedioxythiophene and dithienosilole units


Tutuncu E., CİHANER A., İçli Özkut M.

EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL, cilt.118, ss.239-243, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

A new dithienosilole and 3,4-propylenedioxythiophene based monomer, namely 2,6-bis(3,3-di-decyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-thieno[3,4-b] [1,4]dioxepin-6-yl)-4,4-dioctyl-4H-silolo[3,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene, was synthesized via palladium catalyzed Stille Coupling Reaction and then polymerized electrochemically in an electrolyte solution of 0.1 M lithium perchlorate dissolved in a mixture of dichloromethane and acetonitrile (1:1, v:v). Due to the presence of long alkyl chains on donor and acceptor units, the corresponding polymer was soluble in common organic solvents like tetrahydrofuran, toluene, hexane and dichloromethane. Polymer has both fluorescent and electrochromic properties. Fluorescent polymer emits a reddish pink at 585 nm when excited at 480 nm and the quantum yield was found as 14%. On the other hand, the electrochromic polymer film changed its color from purple to transmissive cyan with 0.65 s switching time upon moving from neutral state to oxidized state and the film has a coloration efficiency of 501 cm(2)/C as well as 60% optical contrast. The optical band gap of the polymer was also calculated as 1.83 eV with a maximum wavelength at 577 nm.