Reactions of melon landraces grown in the Lake Van Basin to the physiologic races (race 1 and race 2) of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp melonis


Demir S. , Turkmen O., Sensoy S. , Akkopru A., Erdinc Ç. , Yildiz M., ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, vol.71, no.2, pp.91-95, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-95
  • Keywords: disease incidence, inoculation, sand culture, resistance, WILT RESISTANCE, MUSKMELON, GENOTYPES, MARKERS

Abstract

Disease incidence and varietal reactions of 51 melon landraces collected from Lake Van Basin, one of the secondary gene center of melon, to the physiologic races (the race I and the race 2) of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis (F.o.m.) were determined by artificial inoculations. The study was carried out in a growth chamber and pathogen isolates of the races were incubated in a medium containing corn meal and sand, and then this inoculation source was mixed with a seedling growth medium at the rate of 5% (final density: 10(6) conidia ml(-1)). Melon seedlings were evaluated with a 0-3 scale four weeks after the seed sowing in order to detect disease incidence. Disease incidence in melon genotypes against the race 1 and race 2 of F.o.m. ranged between 23% and 100% and between 7% and 100%, respectively. Moreover, F.o.m. races 1 and 2 did not form any disease incidence in four and one melon genotypes, respectively. One of the melon genotypes, 65 ERC 03, was found to be resistant to both races.