It is well known that the semiconductor surface is easily oxidized by air-media in time. This work studieds the characterization of Schottky diodes and changes in depletion capacitance, which is caused by air exposure of a group of Cu/n-Si/Al Schottky diodes. First, data for current-voltage and capacitance-voltage were a Ren, and then ideality factor, barrier height, built-in potential (V-bi), donor concentration and Fermi level, interfacial oxide thickness, interface state density were calculated. It is seen that depletion capacitance was calculate; whereafter built-in potential played an important role in Schottky diodes characteristic. Built-in potential directly affects the characteristic of Schottky diodes and a turning point occurs. In case of forward and reverse bias, depletion capacitance versus voltage graphics are matched, but in an opposite direction. In case of forward bias, differential depletion capacitance begins from minus values, it is raised to first V-bi, then reduced to second V-bi under the minus condition. And it sharply gones up to positive apex, then sharply falls down to near zero, but it takes positive values depending on DC voltage. In case of reverse bias, differential depletion capacitance takes to small positive values. In other respects, we see that depletion characteristics change considerably under DC voltage.