How Approprıate are the Lengths of Syringe Needles Used for Subcutaneous Injections to the Children of School Age?


Kaba S. , Doğan M. , Bulan K., Yavuz A. , Bora A. , Didin M., ...More

West Indian Medical Journal, vol.0, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.7727/wimj.2015.229
  • Title of Journal : West Indian Medical Journal

Abstract

Aims: To define the normal ranges of the thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues via ultrasonography, and to determine whether the current syringe needle-lengths used for the subcutaneous injections were appropriate.

Methods: The thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues of 2244 studentswere measured at the left arm using ultrasonography. Patients were divided into three groups based on age: 6 to 8, 9 to 12 and 13 to 17 year.

Results: The thicknesses of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and skin-subcutaneous tissue were found to be positively correletated with age, body mass index and body surface area. All these were observed to be gender related. There is a possibility to make intramuscular injections for the 50%, 25% and 25% percent of boys with age groups of 6 to 8, 9 to 12 and 13 to 17 year, respectively.For the girls, the risk of intramuscular injection is 25% percent for all age groups.

Conclusions: Our study has shown that the skin and skin-subcutaneous tissue thicknesses varies as a function of age, gender, body mass index and body surface area.