An Adaptation Study of the Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs (BMPN) Scale to Turkish Culture

Kardaş F., Yalcin I.

CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF EDUCATION JOURNAL, vol.47, no.2, pp.357-383, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.14812/cuefd.408515
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.357-383
  • Keywords: Balanced measure of psychological needs (BMPN) scale, Psychological need satisfaction, Relatedness, Competence, Autonomy, 2-DIMENSIONAL SELF-ESTEEM, SATISFACTION, MOTIVATION, COMPETENCE, BEHAVIOR
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


Psychological needs have long been one of the most widely studied topics in the field of mental health. One of the commonly used approaches in recent years in psychological needs satisfaction research is self-determination theory. It is stated in the frame of self-determination theory that psychological needs are universal and can be classified as needs in terms of competence, relationship and autonomy. The aim of this study is to adapt the Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs (BMPN) Scale, which was developed to measure the satisfaction level within the framework of self-determination theory, to Turkish culture. After examining the related literature, a validity and reliability study of the BMPN Scale has been carried out on the students of the Faculty of Educational Sciences of Ankara University, and on the pedagogical formation students from other faculties. Confirmatory factor analysis in the study was conducted on 285 students, criterion related validity on 282 and test re-test reliability on 50 students. 80.5% of the respondents were female and 19.5% were male. The average age of participants was 22. As a result of the research, it was determined that the psychometric properties of the scale were adequate, and the model fit values were appropriate. Accordingly, the Turkish form of BMPN was considered a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used in research on needs satisfaction.