One of the most fundamental problems of today's economies is the differences in the regional development. One of the most important instruments for eliminating developmental differences is the energy resources. Energy resources are divided into two parts: renewable and non-renewable. The risk of extinction in resources like non-renewable energy sources such as oil and natural gas has led economic structures to concentrate on the renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy. In this context, renewable energy sources have become important factors both in macro and regional development. In this study, the role of renewable energy resources in regional development has been analyzed in the case of Eastern Anatolia Region. The empirical findings of the study show that both Turkey and the Eastern Anatolia Region have significant potential in terms of renewable energy resources, but these resources are not sufficiently utilized from.