Determination of salicin content of some Salix L. species by HPLC method

GUVENC A., Arihan O., ALTUN M. L., DINC E., Baleanu D.

REVISTA DE CHIMIE, vol.58, no.1, pp.8-12, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Journal Name: REVISTA DE CHIMIE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-12
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: No


In this paper, we find the salicin content of the nine species of Salix L from the province of Ankara, Turkey, namely Salix triandra, S. alba, S. excelsa, S. fragilis, S. babylonica, S. caprea, S. cinerea, S. pseudomedemii and S. amplexicaulis. A simple HPLC method was applied to the determination of Salicin of these nine species in barks and leaves of female and male. Chromatographic separation was carried out by a mobile phase consisting of bidistilled water, tetrahydrofuran and ortho-phosphoric acid (97.7: 1.8: 0.5) (v/v/v). The salicin amount of these samples was analyzed by measuring the peak area at the wavelength, 270 nm. A reversed phase phenyl column (250 x 4.6mm, 5 mu m) was used and flow rate was set to 1 ml/min. in an isocratic elution. The results provided 6 HPLC method was found in agreement with those indicated by European Pharmacopoeia. It was observed that S. babylonica female bark sample possess the highest salicin content (2.675), while S. caprea female bark (0.058) has the lowest salicin content as w/w (%).