Effects of Various Antioxidant Pretreatment Modalities on Adhesion to Sound and Caries-Affected Dentin: An In Vitro Study

Ünalan Değirmenci B. , Değirmenci A. , Kara E.

Journal of Advanced Oral Research, vol.1, pp.1-9, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2320206821997985
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Advanced Oral Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-9


Aim: Natural antioxidants were offered as the answer of dentin adhesion issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of proanthocyanidin and lycopene as pretreatment agents on the sound and caries-affected dentin surface on microtensile bond strength and microleakage.

Materials and Methods: This study was designed as in vitro because of that 84 mandibular molar teeth were collected. Forty-two of the included teeth were carious teeth, while the other 42 were without caries. Sixty of them were used for microleakage and 24 for microtensile bond strength testing and scanning electron microscopy analysis. The samples were divided into six subgroups randomly according to dentin pretreatments: 5% proanthocyanidin, 5% lycopene, and no antioxidant application. After the restorative procedures, samples were attached to the microtensile tester. Samples were subjected to tensile stress in the load cell until they broke at a speed of 0.5 mm per min. Microtensile bond strength (μTBS) and microleakage test data were analyzed with two-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni correction, and Tamhane’s T2 tests.

Results: Two-way variance analysis showed that dentin pretreatment applications, dentin substrate, and the interaction between these two parameters had statistically significant effects on μTBS values (< .001). There was no difference between dentin pretreatment applications in terms of microleakage scores (> .05).

Conclusion: The application of dentin pretreatment with proanthocyanidin is a successful procedure that increases the bond strength in both dentin substrate, while pretreatment with lycopene in caries-affected dentin reduces it.