Determination of Elemental Composition of Some Wild Growing Edible Mushrooms


Keleş A. , Genççelep H.

Mantar Dergisi, vol.11, no.2, pp.129-137, 2020 (International Refereed University Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Mantar Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-137

Abstract

: The aim of this study was to determine and elaborate the mineral contents and the some highly toxic elements of wild grown-edible mushrooms. The potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) contents of twenty edible mushrooms, collected from Gümüşhane province, Turkey, were analyzed. The studied mushrooms varied widely in their content of both essential and toxic deleterious elements. The minimum and maximum mineral contents of mushrooms were determined as mg/kg dw for K (4170-15747), Mg (295-2095), Ca (100-2778), Mn (3.82-170.25), Fe (50.25-1121.53), Zn (22.99-91.76), Cu (5.89-135.35), Ni (1.05-6.07), Cd (0.06-7.29) and Pb (0.02-32.31) were determined. The potassium content was found to be higher than those of the other minerals in all the mushrooms. Lead and cadmium were present but at concentrations that are not hazardous to human health except for Armillaria ostoyae. The K, Mg, Ca, Mn, Fe, and Ni concentrations were determined to be high in Agrocybe dura.