Immobilization of immunoglobulin G in a highly oriented manner on a protein-A terminated multilayer system


Zengin A. , Caykara T.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, cilt.257, ss.2111-2117, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 257 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.09.059
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2111-2117

Özet

In this study, we have fabricated a multilayer system consisting of 3-glycidoxypropyldimethylmethoxysilane (GPDS), poly(dimethylsiloxane) bis 3-aminopropyl terminated (PDMS) and protein-A on a silicon wafer surface for oriented immobilization of immunoglobilin G (IgG). The multilayer system with a different component in each layer was characterized by ellipsometry, contact-angle goniometer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) and fluorescence microscopy. The epoxy-terminated monolayer was formed by the chemisorption of GPDS molecules on the hydroxylated silicon surface. The PDMS film about 4.5nm thick was produced on the GPDS-monolayer by the chemical reaction between the amine groups at the end of PDMS chain and the epoxy groups of GPDS molecules. By introducing the PDMS chains, the hydrophilic character of GPDS-monolayer decreased. Study of the time dependence of polymer grafting showed that the chemisorption of GPDS is fast, whereas at least 16 h is needed to generate the homogeneous PDMS layer. For immobilization of IgG molecules in a highly oriented manner, protein-A molecules were first chemically bound to an ultrathin (similar to 4.5 nm) PDMS reactive polymer layer and later used to capture IgG. It was shown that the existence of protein-A in the multilayer system has a strong influence on the binding properties of IgG not only in the efficiency of binding, but also in its specificity. In conclusion, the multilayer system with protein-A has the potential to be further developed into an efficient immunoassay protein chip. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.