Levels of fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) susceptibility of native apple, pear and quince germplasm from Lake Van Basin, Turkey


Ozrenk K., Balta F., Çelik F.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, cilt.132, ss.229-236, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 132 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10658-011-9866-3
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.229-236

Özet

Fire blight resistance of apple, pear and quince genetic resources from Lake Van Basin (eastern Turkey) was tested using Erwinia amylovora strain Ea Van. Shoot tips of 92 native accessions (48 accessions for apple, 38 accessions for pear and 6 accessions for quince) were wounded for inoculation, and artificially inoculated with pathogenic bacteria under greenhouse conditions. The levels of resistance of accessions were classified in comparison with control varieties according to the genotype susceptibility index (GSI%) scores based on the lesion length on shoots of each genotype. Fire blight resistance of accessions consisted of five classes: resistant (R), moderately resistant (MR), moderately susceptible (MS), susceptible (S) and highly susceptible (HS). GSI% scores differed significantly among accessions from each fruit species (p<0.01). GSI values ranged from 12.4% to 64.1% for apple genotypes, from 17.2% to 55.1% for pear genotypes, and from 17.8% to 43.4% for quince genotypes. No resistant genotypes of apple, pear and quince were observed. Seven accessions of apple, two accessions of pear and one accession of quince were MR. 25 accessions of apple, 14 accessions of pear and one accession of quince were MS. These findings indicate a considerable variation in fire blight resistance and could contribute to breeding efforts regarding fire blight resistance in apple, pear and quince.