Competitive adsorption of lead and zinc from aqueous solution on activated carbon prepared from Van apple pulp: Study in single- and multi-solute systems

DEPCI T., Kul A. R., ÖNAL Y.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.200, pp.224-236, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 200
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.077
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.224-236
  • Keywords: Apple pulp, Competitive adsorption, Uptake of lead and zinc, Activated carbon, HEAVY-METAL IONS, MULTICOMPONENT ADSORPTION, REMOVAL, COPPER, KINETICS, ACID, DIFFUSION, SORPTION, CADMIUM, PB(II)
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


The potential of activated carbon (VAAC) prepared from local agricultural waste, apple pulp, as an alternative low-cost adsorbent was investigated for the removal of lead and zinc from single- and multi metal aqueous solution. VAAC was produced with a reasonable yield, 43% and has remarkable surface area (1067.01 m(2)/g) with a well-developed pore structure. To determine the adsorption process and properties, the effects of various operating parameters, pH of the solutions (2-6), adsorbent dosage (0.01-0.2 g), initial concentration of metal ions (25-40 mg/L), contact time (3-120 min) and temperature (298-308 K) were investigated in a batch adsorption technique. The adsorption isotherm data were better fitted by Langmuir model. The pseudo second-order model was found more applicable to describe the kinetic of system in both the single- and multi-solute system. The adsorption capacities of heavy metals decrease in the order of Pb(II) (15.96 mg/g) < Pb (Pb + Zn) (13.23 mg/g) < Zn(II) (11.72 mg/g) < Zn (Pb + Zn) (7.54 mg/g) at 298 K. Although individual metal ions adsorption decreases in multi-system. the more metal ions are adsorbed (20.77 mg/g). The intraparticle diffusion model, external mass transfer coefficient, film and pore diffusion coefficient at different temperatures were also evaluated to investigate the adsorption mechanisms of both systems. The adsorption was mainly controlled film diffusion process at all operating temperatures and concentrations. The thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption process is endothermic, feasible and thermodynamically favored. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.