IMPROVED CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF ASPERGILLUS ORYZAE beta-GALACTOSIDASE BY COVALENT IMMOBILIZATION ON EUPERGIT CM


Aslan Y., Taher A. Y. , Cavidoglu I.

JOURNAL OF ANIMAL AND PLANT SCIENCES, cilt.28, ss.1648-1655, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL AND PLANT SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1648-1655

Özet

In this study, Aspergillus oryzae beta-Galactosidase (AOG) was immobilized onto Eupergit CM. By optimizing the immobilization conditions such as pH and molarity of immobilization buffer, enzyme/support ratio and duration of immobilization, 100.00% immobilization yield and 129.82% activity yield was achieved. The optimum temperature (55 degrees C) of free enzyme was not changed while optimum pH of free enzyme was shifted from 4.5 to 5.5 after immobilization. Kinetic constants for free and immobilized enzyme were also determined by using the Lineweaver-Burk plot. The K-m values of the free and immobilized enzymes were determined to be 307.7 and 234.2 g / L respectively, while the V-max values were determined to be 0.366 g D-Glucose / L.min and 0.415 g D-Glucose / L.min respectively. The operational and storage stabilities of immobilized enzyme were also studied. The activity of immobilized enzyme decreased to 99.3% after repeated twenty usage while decreased to 98.3% after fifteen days of storage. Further, the immobilized enzyme was used for the hydrolyzing the cow's milk lactose. By using the immobilized enzyme, the milk lactose was completely hydrolyzed in four hours. Consequently, immobilized AOG can be used in the industrial production of lactose-free cow's milk.