Determination of Aflatoxin M1 Levels in Turkish Cheeses Provided from Different Regions of Turkey


Ergin S. Ö. , Çakmak Ö., Çakmak T. , Acaröz U., Yalçın H., Arslan Acaröz D., ...More

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, 26 - 28 February 2021, vol.1, no.1, pp.191

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Afyonkarahisar
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.191

Abstract

Hygienic quality is very important problem in milk and dairy products. Aflatoxins are one of the mycotoxins produced by moulds and it is known that the Aflatoxin M1 type, which can be found in milk and dairy products, is a potential risk for the public health. In this study, the presence of Aflatoxin M1 in white and tulum cheese samples collected from three different provinces of Turkey (Burdur, Bursa and Elazig) was investigated by ELISA method. 42 white and 42 tulum cheese samples (total 84) were analyzed and the samples were evaluated in terms of their compliance with the limits of the Turkish Food Codex. According to the results; 34 (40.47 %) of 84 cheese samples were contaminated with Aflatoxin M1 ranging from 250 to 559 ng/kg. 50 (59.52 %) cheese samples were found below the detection limit and these are negative in terms of Aflatoxin M1. On the other hand, 2 samples (2.38 %) were over the tolerance limit of the Turkish Food Codex. Also, the incidence of Aflatoxin M1 in white cheeses was 35.71 % and in tulum cheeses was 45.23 %. Although the number of samples above the legal limit is small, Aflatoxin M1 contamination in cheese reduces the quality of the food and adversely affects human health. Therefore, it should be treated more carefully about the issues such as the use of quality feeds in the feeding of dairy animals and the production of milk and dairy products under hygienic conditions.