Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in a Case of Brucellosis

AKBAYRAM S., Dogan M. , Peker E. , AKGUN C., Oner A. F. , ÇAKSEN H.

CLINICAL AND APPLIED THROMBOSIS-HEMOSTASIS, cilt.17, sa.3, ss.245-247, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/1076029609356426
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.245-247


Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterized by disseminated thrombotic occlusions located in the microcirculation and a syndrome of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, fever, and renal and neurologic abnormalities. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is encountered in a variety of clinical situations such as viral, bacterial, and mycobacterial infections, autoimmune disorders, drug reactions, connective tissue disease, and solid tumors. In this report, we present TTP in a case of brucellosis because of rare presentation. A 7-year-old girl was admitted with the complaints of headache, fever, hematuria, malaise, jaundice, epistaxis, and purpura. Her physical examination revealed conjunctival pallor, scleral icterus, petechial-purpuric skin lesions on both legs, and confusion. Laboratory tests showed hematocrit 14%; hemoglobin 4.8 g/dL; platelet count 6000/mm(3), and reticulocytosis 6%. Peripheral blood smear revealed fragmented red blood cells and a complete absence of platelets. The clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with TTP. Serum antibrucella titration agglutination test was found to be 1/1280 positive.