Atomic layer deposition-SiO2 layers protected PdCoNi nanoparticles supported on TiO2 nanopowders: Exceptionally stable nanocatalyst for the dehydrogenation of formic acid

Caner N., Bulut A., Yurderi M., Ertas I. E., Demir Kıvrak H., KAYA M., ...More

APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, vol.210, pp.470-483, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 210
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.04.022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.470-483
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


TiO2 nanopowders supported trimetallic PdCoNi alloy nanoparticles were simply and reproducibly prepared by wet-impregnation followed by simultaneous reduction method, then to enhance their stability against to sintering and leaching atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique was utilized to grow SiO2 layers amongst these surface bound PdCoNi alloy nanoparticles (PdCoNi/TiO2-ALD-SiO2). These new nanomaterials are characterized by the combination of complimentary techniques and sum of their results exhibited that the formation of ALD-SiO2 layers protected well-dispersed and highly crystalline PdCoNi alloy nanoparticles (ca. 3.52 nm) supported on TiO2 nanopowders. The catalytic performance of the resulting PdCoNi/TiO2-ALD-SiO2 in terms of activity, selectivity and stability was investigated in the dehydrogenation of aqueous formic acid (HCOOH), which has recently been suggested as a promising hydrogen storage material with a 4.4 wt% hydrogen capacity, solution under mild conditions. The results collected from our systematic studies revealed that PdCoNi/TiO2-ALD-SiO2 nanomaterial can act as highly active and selective nanocatalyst in the formic acid dehydrogenation at room temperature by providing an initial turnover frequency (TOF) value of 207 mol H-2/mol metal;: h and >99% of dehydrogenation selectivity at almost complete conversion. More importantly, the catalytic reusability experiments separately carried out with PdCoNi/TiO2-ALD-SiO2 and PdCoNi/TiO2 nanocatalysts in the dehydrogenation of formic acid under more forcing conditions pointed out that PdCoNi/TiO2-ALD-SiO2 nanocatalyst displays unprecedented catalytic stability against to leaching and sintering throughout the reusability experiments it retains almost its inherent activity, selectivity and conversion even at 20th reuse, whereas analogous PdCoNi/TiO2 completely lost its catalytic performance. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.