A novel experimental and density functional theory study on palladium and nitrogen doped few layer graphene surface towards glucose adsorption and electrooxidation

Caglar A., Duzenli D., ÖNAL I., Tezsevin I., Sahin O., Demir Kıvrak H.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, vol.150, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2020.109684
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes


At present, few layer graphene (G) and nitrogen doped few layer graphene (N doped-G) are firstly coated on Cu foil via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method and G and N doped-G coated Cu foil is transferred to the indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate surface to obtain electrodes. Pd metal is electrodeposited onto the N doped-G/ITO electrode (Pd-N doped-G/ITO). Pd-N doped-G/ITO electrode are characterized with advanced surface characterization methods such as Raman spectroscopy and SEM-EDX. Characterization results reveal that G and N structures are succesfully obtained and the presence of Pd on Pd-N doped-G/ITO is confirmed with SEM-EDX mapping. The cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are employed to examine glucose electrooxidation of G/ITO, N-doped G/ITO, and Pd-N-doped G/ITO electrodes. P-N-dopedG/ITO electrode exhibits the best glucose electrooxidation activity with 2 mA/cm(2) specific activity. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are also carried out to better understand the interaction of the molecules on Pd modified G (Pd-G) and Pd modified N-doped G (Pd-3NG) surfaces.