A genetic probe into the ancient and medieval history of Southern Europe and West Asia.


Lazaridis I., Alpaslan-Roodenberg S., Agelarakis A., Aghikyan L., Akyuz U., Andreeva D., ...More

Science (New York, N.Y.), vol.377, no.6609, pp.940-951, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 377 Issue: 6609
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1126/science.abq0755
  • Journal Name: Science (New York, N.Y.)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Animal Behavior Abstracts, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, ATLA Religion Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, EBSCO Education Source, EMBASE, Environment Index, Gender Studies Database, Geobase, Linguistic Bibliography, MEDLINE, Metadex, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Pollution Abstracts, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, zbMATH, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.940-951
  • Van Yüzüncü Yıl University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Literary and archaeological sources have preserved a rich history of Southern Europe and West Asia since the Bronze Age that can be complemented by genetics. Mycenaean period elites in Greece did not differ from the general population and included both people with some steppe ancestry and others, like the Griffin Warrior, without it. Similarly, people in the central area of the Urartian Kingdom around Lake Van lacked the steppe ancestry characteristic of the kingdom's northern provinces. Anatolia exhibited extraordinary continuity down to the Roman and Byzantine periods, with its people serving as the demographic core of much of the Roman Empire, including the city of Rome itself. During medieval times, migrations associated with Slavic and Turkic speakers profoundly affected the region.