An approach for the application of energy-based liquefaction procedure using field case history data

Kayabali K., Selçuk L., Beyaz T.

BULLETIN OF THE MINERAL RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION, vol.163, pp.99-114, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 163
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.677626
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-114


This paper presents an overview to the applicability of the "energy-based liquefaction approach" with regards to the new developments in the subject. The method involves comparing the strain energy for the soil liquefaction (capacity) with the strain energy imparted to the soil layer during an earthquake (demand) The performance of the method was evaluated by using a large database of SPT-based liquefaction case history. The energy-based method and the more commonly used stress-based method were compared in their capability to assess liquefaction potential under the same damaging historic earthquakes and geotechnical site conditions. In the procedure, the predictive strain energy equations were used to estimate the capacity energy values. These empirical equations have been developed based on the initial effective soil parameters. As for the energy of any given strong ground motion, it was computed from a velocity-time history of the ground motion and the unit mass of soil through utilization of kinetic energy concepts. The proposed energy-based method has effective way in evaluating the liquefaction potential based on the seismological parameters, contrary to the stress-based approach, where only peak ground acceleration (PGA) is considered.