Geologic and geochemical properties of the mafic-clastic type Sarıseki volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Central Pontides, Turkey


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Baran C., Yeşilova Ç., Günay K.

Neues Jahrbuch Fur Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, vol.197, pp.2-25, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 197
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1127/njma/2021/0275
  • Journal Name: Neues Jahrbuch Fur Mineralogie-Abhandlungen
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core, Geobase
  • Page Numbers: pp.2-25

Abstract

The Sarıseki mineralization has 4.3 million tonnes of 0.47 wt% Cu and is one of the newly-discovered massive sulfide formations in the Central Pontides. Mineralization occurred within deep marine sediments interlayered with mafic sills and/or lavas of the Çangaldağ Metamorphic Complex. The lithologic units in the area of mineralization are metamorphosed under lower-greenschist facies conditions. The metamorphism transformed deep marine sediments into phyllites, whilst mafic sills and/or lava were transformed into chlorite-actinolite schist, chlorite schist and chlorite-epidote schist. The mineral paragenesis of the mineralization is represented by the following minerals in decreasing order of abundance; pyrite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, and magnetite. Mineralization at different levels has three different textures; banded-disseminated, semi-massive and massive. The Sarıseki mineralization has maximum Cu and Zn contents of 3.4 % Cu and 0.24 % Zn, in the Cu-dominant massive sulfide formations. Within the ore, silicified relict sections of wall rock lithology and grading in the mineralized sections indicates that mineralization might have developed by sub-seafloor replacement processes. Mineralization is dominantly formed within wall rock and metamorphic rocks with clastic origin, with no feeder zones in the lower sections of massive sulfide masses, irregular lenses in mineralization and a strata-bound structure. The mafic-clastic formation of Sarıseki mineralization has similar features to Besshi-type Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide (VMS), an observation that is also supported by the results of ore and wall rock geochemistry.